back
ID417
Title Cognition and belief in paranormal phenomena: gestalt/feature-intensive processing theory and tendencies toward ADHD, depression, and dissociation.
Author Sharps MJ, Matthews J, Asten J.
Address
WebSite
Publication Journal of Psychology
Issue 140 (6)
Date November 2006
Pages 579-590
Keywords
Abstract
Belief in paranormal phenomena and cryptids--unknown animals such as Bigfoot--may predispose individuals to interpret real-world objects and events in the same way that eyewitness identification can be biased by unrelated information (P. James and N. Thorpe, 1999). Psychological tendencies toward attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dissociation, and depression, even at subclinical levels, may be associated systematically with particular paranormal or cryptozoological beliefs. The authors evaluated these psychological tendencies using the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales (C. K. Conners, D. Erhardt, and E. Sparrow, 1999), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (L. Coleman & J. Clark, 1999), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (A. T. Beck, 1996). They performed regression analyses against beliefs in ghosts, unidentified flying objects (UFOs), extrasensory perception (ESP), astrology, and cryptids. ADHD, dissociation, and depression were associated with enhanced tendencies toward paranormal and cryptozoological beliefs, although participants who believed in each of the phenomena differed from one another in predictable and psychologically distinguishable ways. Cognitively biasing influences of preexisting psychological tendencies may predispose individuals to specific perceptual and cognitive errors during confrontation of real-world phenomena.


Order a complete photocopy of the article:
Cognition and belief in paranormal phenomena: gestalt/feature-intensive processing theory and tendencies toward ADHD, depression, and dissociation.

The RGCSA has an agreement with the AA, the publishers of the research Journal Correlation, to make articles contained in the journal available by request and on observation of copyright rules. If you wish to request full copies of any of the abstracted articles from Correlation contained on the RGCSA database you can do so by completing and returning, with payment, the articles request form. This form should be completed and downloaded so that you may sign the copyright declaration contained within it. When the AA has received this form, with your signature, together with payment, the article will then be despatched to you, normally within fourteen days of receiving your request. For copyright reasons you must sign the form and return it before a copy of the article can be released to you. UK copyright law currently insists on actual signatures so an electronically mailed signature is not acceptable. We look forward to receiving your requests and hope that you will enjoy this new service.

 

© 2009 Research Grants for the Critical Study of Astrology